ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INTRODUCTION


We will introduce you to Artificial Intelligence, and make you understand what artificial intelligence meaning is and why AI matters in today’s world.

  
Artificial Intelligence is a collection of advanced technologies that allow machines to sense, comprehend, act and learn.  A.I. is a wide-ranging term that engages the use of a computer to model and/or imitate intelligent behavior. An “artificial intelligence” term wraps a lot of incongruent problem areas, combined mainly by the fact that they engage composite inputs and outputs that are complex to compute also difficult to check for correctness when supplied. Research in Artificial Intelligent focuses on the analysis and development of algorithms that perform and learn smart behavior with nominal human involvement. These techniques have been continue to be concerned  to a wide range of difficulties that occur in gaming, mathematics, robotics, medical diagnosis, e-commerce,  gaming, and military planning and logistics, etc. 

Artificial intelligence is based on following disciplines such as:
·         Computer Science
·         Cognitive Science
·         Engineering
·         Ethics
·         Linguistics
·         Logic
·         Mathematics
·         Natural Sciences
·         Philosophy
·         Physiology
·         Psychology
·         Statistics

Philosophy of Artificial Intelligence:

While build up the power of the computer systems, the snooping of human, lead him to doubt, 
“Can a machine behave and think like humans do?”
Thus, AI was started with the goal of creating alike intelligence in machines. Also, that we find and regard high in humans.

Goals of Artificial Intelligence:

·        To Create Skilled Systems − The systems which reveal intelligent behavior, demonstrate, explain, learn, and advice its users.
·        To Execute Human Intelligence in Machines – Generating systems that understand, think, behave and learn, like humans.



Types of Artificial Intelligence:

a.      Strong artificial intelligence

It deals with the formation of real intelligence artificially. Also, strong AI has faith in that machines can be made attentive.

There are two types of strong AI:
Human-like AI
In this computer program thinks and motives to the level of human-being.


Non-human-like AI
In this type of AI computer program builds a non-human technique of thinking and reasoning.

b.     Weak artificial intelligence:

Weak AI does not believe it is possible to create human-level intelligence in machines. Even though, AI techniques can be developed to solve many real-life problems.

Applications of Artificial Intelligence:


a. Natural Language Processing
Basically, it is possible to interrelate with the computer. Also, they understand only natural language that was spoken by humans.


b. Intelligent Robots − Robots are capable to complete the tasks given by a human. They have sensors to detect physical data from the real world such as movement, heat, sound, bump, light, temperature and pressure. They have well-organized processors, various sensors and huge memory, to demonstrate intelligence. In addition, they are able of learning from their mistakes and they can acclimatize to the new environment.

c. Speech Recognition

Essentially, systems are capable of hearing the language. And also their meanings while human talks to it.

Why Artificial Intelligence?

We compare differences between traditional Computer programs vs. Human Intelligence.
As it’s recognized those normal humans have the same intellectual mechanisms. Likewise, the dissimilarity in intelligence is related to “physiological conditions and quantitative biochemical.”
Usually, we use computing for executing mechanical computations using fixed procedures. Also, there are more complex problems which we need to solve.

For example:
Computers have more difficulty in understanding a particular situation, unlike humans. Also, we require Artificial Intelligence to make machines think and tackle such complex assignments. It is a game changer.


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